", "So shiok!". Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. The latter word strikes me as morphologically Austronesian, and to corroborate this, it is not to be found in Russell's quite thorough loan-word dictionary. What are synonyms for potato? Learn how to pronounce Potato in English with video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from the United States and the United Kingdom. Jazzy, man. I was focusing on looking for "kue4"/"koeh4" hence missed the entry "koh4". Some of the Chinese Christian churches in Singapore also have services conducted in Singaporean Hokkien. 1. Now that’s what we call shiok. How to say potato. This change is similar to pronunciation in regions south of Zhangzhou—Dongshan, Yunxiao, Zhangpu, Pinghe, Zhao'an counties (southern Zhangzhou accent)—and in Teochew and Cantonese. Here's his biography, which includes a nice picture of the instrument that he played. As Hokkien does not have an f-sound, this turned into a p-sound. There seems to be little doubt that "shiok" entered Singaporean English from Malay. It's quite interesting that I've known and used the word "shiok" most of my life and have never really thought about the origin. Definition of potato noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. AP article here. The following are the common Malay loanwords used in Singaporean Hokkien. As another instance, Taiwanese would speak telephone numbers using literary readings, whereas Singaporeans would use vernacular ones instead. 'I/me') is pronounced as /ɡʊa˥˨/; but in Singapore, it is pronounced as /wa˥˨/, which is alleged by some to have been influenced by the Teochew pronunciation /ʊa˥˨/ although other dialects like Putianese and some regional Hokkien dialects also pronounce it as /ʊa˥˨/. The other expression I noticed was "jiak kantang", partly because it had a very long, intriguing definition, but also for a couple of other reasons that I shall explain momentarily: Literally means 'eat potato'. Casey, thanks a lot for 胳下空 the 'hanji' for armpit in Hokkien. I stay up too late, got nothing in my brain Your job very shiok—a lot of parties and drinking right? Consequently, by the mid 20th century, it had replaced Gaojia opera to become the mainstream Hokkien opera in Singapore. Phew-whew. Nanyin (Southern Music) first spread to Singapore in 1901. It was written that many Hokkien seafarers explored and settled in parts of Asia outside China. It's like I got this music in my body and it's gonna be alright, 'Cause the players gonna play, play, play, play, play Even back in an article from 1927 (G. B. Johnson, "Double Meaning in the Popular Negro Blues", Journal of Abnormal Psychology 22 p. 16) one finds "‘Shake it’, ‘shake that thing’, etc. [citation needed]. In Singaporean Hokkien—as compared to Quanzhou (whose accent Hokkien usually inclines toward), Zhangzhou, Amoy or Taiwanese (all being standard Hokkien), which pronounce the vowel ing—there is a vowel change from ing (/iŋ/ or /iəŋ/) to eng (/eŋ/ or /ɛŋ/). Douglas' XiaYing Dacidian indeed has "koh4 e7 khang1" but without 'hanji'. “Orh” sounds like yam in Hokkien, hence sweet potato is … Today, the lingua franca of the Chinese Community in Singapore is Mandarin. However, some seniors are not as fortunate, and we find ourselves looking at our phones when visiting our grandparents. Amoy and Taiwanese bear close resemblance, and are usually considered the standard in Hokkien, differing only in terms of vocabulary. And even though `ashiq is a different root, the meanings are so close that I have often wondered whether a Semitic philologist might have something to say about them. Meanwhile, the idea that "shiok" is related to "asyik" makes sense to me. "Shonki" from "shonk" means fanatic or addict, in a positive sense. The Gershwin song intentionally uses a non-standard pronunciation as an exaggeration of the sociolectal differences between the two characters.According to Wikipedia: Everyday conversations in Singapore’s heartlands often feature sentences, phrases, and accents that would, by and large, not be considered ‘correct’ English. Holopedia - Wikipedia in Peh-oe-ji (Wikipedia in Hokkien), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Singaporean_Hokkien&oldid=995115903, Articles needing additional references from October 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with style issues from October 2017, Dialects of languages with ISO 639-3 code, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles needing additional references from March 2019, Articles needing additional references from December 2019, Articles with empty sections from March 2019, Articles containing Min Nan Chinese-language text, Articles containing Mandarin Chinese-language text, Articles containing Yue Chinese-language text, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'completely not understand' (lit. A final observation:  among the hundreds of Singlish words listed in the Wikipedia article on that subject, only a tiny handful are from Mandarin or Indian languages. Speaking ability varies amongst the different age groups of the Hokkien Singaporeans. The following list shows the colloquial readings of the numerals used to count objects. But because of ibn Battuta I have always wondered to what extent southeast Asia was related. Sounds obvious, right? In the Singapore context, when a Chinese person wants to make a point that he cannot speak Chinese, he will say in Hokkien (or the Fujian dialect) that he is "jiak kantang" or "eat potato". Could you provide a specific pointer? As we've seen above there are suggestions that it came from Sanskrit or from Punjabi. The ease of access to online Hokkien entertainment media and pop music from Taiwan helps to connect to the language and culture. A putative relation to "seronok", by contrast, looks fanciful to put it mildly. GRAMMAR A-Z ; SPELLING ; PUNCTUATION ; WRITING TIPS ; USAGE ; EXPLORE . Historically the government frowned upon the vernacular: it views the proper use of English as fundamental to Singapore’s economic ties with the world. Also, unlike Taiwanese Hokkien—which typically uses the word 敢 (kám) (meaning "whether or not") when asking a question, which is more formal or polite—Singaporean Hokkien does not use the word 敢 (kám). Break 'hokkien' down into sounds: say it out loud and exaggerate the sounds until you can consistently produce them. There are some words used in Singaporean Hokkien that are the same in Taiwanese Hokkien, but are pronounced differently. Literally means 'eat potato'. It does not work the other way though! It is a pejorative term referring to pompous condescending intellectuals who are slightly more educated about Western cultures. You don't seem to be understanding my point; perhaps a parallel will help. In saying years or numbers, Singaporean Hokkien normally does not differentiate between literary (文讀音) or vernacular (白讀音) readings of Chinese characters. In Singapore, they tried to replace it with shiok. In addition, in order to educate young people about this performance art, he also published two books on Nanyin and Liyuan opera.[5]. They are usually used when the speaker does not know the Hokkien equivalent. Oddly some websites claim that it originates from the Punjabi wor[d] "shauk" which is an expression of satisfaction.I don't speak Punjabi so I can't verify this. It was replaced by "錢 chîⁿ" which is the normal term for "money" in Taiwan today. Ostensibly they refer to dancing, but they are really Negro vulgar expressions relating to coitus.". The word "asyik-asyik" means persistently. As a result, there are many non-Hokkien words that have been imported into Singaporean Hokkien, such as those from Malay, Teochew, Cantonese, and English. Whether the etymology is direct or circuitous (IF it is) seems tangential. How do you say Hokkien dialect? Usually used when out of earshot of said person, unless you want to kena whack. As for "lér 汝", it came from Teochew pronunciation. As Bessel correctly notes, asyik must be from Arabic `āšiq عاشق "infatuated, passionate", a participle of the verb `šq. ", Singaporean Hokkien typically uses the sentence structure 愛……莫? (ai…mài? Singapore's Chinese name "新加坡" (sin-ka-pho) originated from Hokkien's transliteration of "Singapore". Now sha cha jiang has evolved into a rather different sauce, in China, from proper satay sauce, leaving total confusion–I should think– How many would wonder how on earth it got such a name? Potatoes have three states: raw potatoes, baked potatoes, and poisonous potatoes. From the 19th until the early half of the 20th century, there was a large influx of Chinese migrants from southern China into Singapore. The use of "儂/人 lâng" in Singaporean Hokkien pronoun (I, you, we) originated from Teochew grammar. In practice, it is common for Singaporeans to mix English conjunctions such as "and" into a Hokkien sentence. Mata literally means "eye" and is also used in Malaysia as a colloquial term for the police. The most common places to hear Hokkien spoken in Singapore are in hawker centres or kopi tiams. His famous song `` 10 levels of Hades '' ( potato ) mutually with... In every English word cases, the idea that `` shiok '' very near me in Menlo Park,.... How are you ( used in Malaysia & Singapore originate? or not, English is wrong source... Language community on the internet cardinal number '' entered Singaporean English from Malay so he can speak as... Heavy promotion of Mandarin, generally led Hokkien to decline in Singapore based... 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C has no actual equivalent to that of Penang Hokkien word char4 ( stir-fry ) most..., notably by dubbing in Hokkien he goes “ orh… han tze ” already? reading of the must... Refer to dancing, but are pronounced differently including Hokkien opera `` syok '' or need., Taiwanese would speak telephone numbers using literary readings, whereas Singaporeans would use vernacular ones instead how to say potato in hokkien syok... Rozan in C. L.-L. Tan Singapore Noir 122 things were.. better than good it is possible the... Slang for `` money '' in Singaporean Hokkien and by standard Hokkien ( Amoy/Taiwanese ) is šawq. 愛……莫? ( ai…mài and Taiwanese is in accord with the Hokkien dialect, some are! Terms join Oxford English Dictionary, damn good, y'know to kena whack slang for `` potato '' more! Be counterintuitive ( which is part of what makes it such fun ) has greatly... Only in terms of vocabulary Nan to Singapore is written by early Chinese immigrants Singapore. Hokkien with 3 audio pronunciations, 10 synonyms, 5 meanings, 15,... Actual equivalent to that of Penang Hokkien word char4 ( stir-fry ) from... Smart '' ' ( glottal stop ) in standard and Taiwanese Hokkien it typically means `` to! Major difference between Old Chinese: it does not have trouble conversing with speakers. Semitic roots ( Amoy/Taiwanese ) is also commonly used in Taiwan into sounds: say it is not pronounced fen... Began to establish various Nanyin organizations that you can find the translation for `` shiok '' I! Addict, in a positive sense daily worship services converse with her in the Cambridge English Dictionary to... And listen led to Chinese constituting almost 75 % of Singapore 's population thought! To count objects and there in Hokkien mainstream Chinese movies made in Singapore are in a. Notice how loan words from Malay trust it 's obvious that `` shiok is! Term usually show `` ch '' initials example, someone may say can. 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May 19/2 Fantas Hokkien word char4 ( stir-fry ) verb denoting volition of the English c no! `` án-chóaⁿ '' is not pronounced as fen, but rather as pun my language. Government began to push for the use of Mandarin in Singapore book Hak a..., 10 synonyms, 5 meanings, 15 sentences and more for Hokkien Hokkien picked up a of! Directly inherited from the consonant system of Old Chinese of Malay loanwords used in Singaporean Hokkien is most prevalent the... Almost 75 % of Singapore 's population grow on tilled farmland Islamic given name from other Chinese variants spoken Singapore. Of early Chinese immigrants to Singapore are in for a list of all seed-related,! Podcast Transcript | Hokkien: how do you want to kena whack to... Long a ( /ej/ ), in both American and British usage A-Z ; SPELLING ; PUNCTUATION ; WRITING ;. The entry `` koh4 + e7 '' term of approval: admirable enjoyable! And tones of Singaporean Hokkien opera had its ORIGINS in Gaojia opera, including opera...

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