Rumex longifolius × Rumex obtusifolius → This very rare dock hybrid is known from VT. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Know that only young dock leaves are covered with mucilage. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. The leaf stalks are used in salads. It shows very small teeth on the margins of the inner tepals mostly shorter … Appearance. Basal leaves grow up to 30 cm (1') long and 10 cm (4") across. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. Flowers bloom (in the northern hemisphere) anywhere from June to October and the seeds ripen from July to October. There are six stamens, the pistil has three fused carpels and it has three styles. Leaves, flowers, and seeds of this plant are edible. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. We haven’t seen confirmation that the roots are edible from credible sources. The seed, however, can be labor-intensive to process and reports on its palatability are highly varied. However, the much wider and less wavy leaves of … They may not even have fully unfurled, and they will be very mucilaginous. R. crispus as the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. is part of the Buckwheat family (Polygonaceae). Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. Some of the lower leaves have red stems. As the bitter dock emerges it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. If this plant is seeding, a close examination will show that the seeds have sharp points (or spines) on the edges of its fruit's wings. Click. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. Petioles are long and slender, while their blades are oblong-ovate, slightly undulate along the margins, and glabrous. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. Ellen Zachos is a foraging expert, instructor, and author of books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails. R. obtusifoliushas long, broad, oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers that turn red as they mature. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. Polygonaceae. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. R. crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. See below Description. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Curled Dock. Some are nuisance weeds (and are sometimes called dockweed or dock weed), but some are grown for their edible leaves. It's larger, more tender, and perhaps more delicious than any other dock plant. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! Everything You Have Always Wanted to Know About Dock. Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. Weed of the Week: Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) By Laurence Gale MSc What is a weed? Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. Shortly after this plant has been trampled or mowed, it sends up new shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Several Rumex species are high in vitamin c, vitamin a, protein, and iron, according to the USDA. Which Docks Are Edible? It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. basal leaves broad and ovate, large, smooth, base heart-shaped, usually red veined; stem leaves lanceolate, smaller above Edible weed #5. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. Consider chopping the petioles into small pieces, and cooking them as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. The root contains tannin and is astringent and blood purifier. This plant prefers pH balanced soils although it can grow in very acidic and very alkaline soils as well. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. If eating spinach is against physician's orders or for those who are prone to kidney stones, don't eat dock. Although bitter dock seedlings find it difficult to flourish under competitive conditions, fully grown plants are able to endure being trodden over and mowed. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. Edible weed #5. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. It grows in woodland area, meadow edges and alongside creeks. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. Gastronomically there is a great divide in the Rumex family. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. It is a member of the Polygonaceae (buckwheat or dock) family. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The condition of the ocrea may be a good indicator of how tender and tasty that dock plant is. These plant species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases and ailments, including hypertension, inflammation, and bacterial infections [11, 12]. It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Dock is considered an invasive weed in fifteen states, so foraging probably won't make a dent in the local population. Patience dock may be found as a feral plant. It grows at altitudes up to 2,300 metres. Both curly and broad-leaved dock are edible at several stages. It was introduced to Canada and the United States. Rumex species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species, and are the only host plants of Lycaena rubidus. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . IV. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. From early to mid-spring, young leaves are tasty raw or cooked. For those who are nervous about this, err on the side of caution. Plants can grow to a height of 1000-1500mm. Curly Dock – Rumex crispus. Yellow Dock. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our case turf grasses. Flowers appear as branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and … Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). If a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs is found, remove the midrib from the leaf before cooking. The leaf base is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. During winter months, bitter dock coils up having undersized shady leaves and a solid taproot. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. One of the best identification features for docks is the thin sheath that covers the nodes where leaves emerge. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Bitter dock grows in a variety of areas but tends to prefer shady areas with moist soils. There's something about the texture and flavor of the cooked dock that works wonderfully with dairy. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Like yellow dock, the seed can also be ground into a powder and used in baking although it is more time consuming to harvest. (Taraxacum Officinale), Everything You Need to Know About Bananas. They are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, egg dishes, and even cream cheese. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. How to Identify and Discern Docks Bitter Dock – Papery Sheath in Center It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. Phonetic Spelling ROO-meks a-kee-TOE-sell-uh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. The same compound is found in spinach. The stalks are slender and upright with reddish ridges. They can also be dried for later use. Rich in vitamin C and minerals and available all year round. Botanical Description. Latin name: Rumex obtusifolius Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Round-Leaved Dock: The leaves are often applied externally as a rustic remedy in the treatment of blisters, burns and scalds. of stem bases."N. The midribs of large dock leaves can be tough and fibrous, while the leaf blade remains tender. Bitter dock also grows in hot climates such as South Africa, Namibia, Iran, Iraq, Indonesia and India. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. By definition a weed is a plant that is growing in the wrong place. Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. Pick two to six youngest of the leaves at the center of each clump. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. What Are Dandelions? Makes about 35 mini puddings or one clonker. Bitter dock flowers are hermaphrodite and are wind pollinated. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. A second excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the stems. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Rumex Acetosella is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. Boil or saute dock greens to make the most of their flavor. Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. Other common rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. This is called the ocrea, and it turns brown as the plant ages. Now, for those who are generally healthy and don't eat large quantities of dock on a regular basis, it should be fine. Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. This herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm (2-3') tall. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a herbaceous perennial herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks.The stalks … R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). Docks grow as basal rosettes of foliage in early spring; they are often one of the first greens to emerge. Appearance. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. These often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Rumex Rumex Species R. obtusifolius - R. obtusifolius is a rosette-forming, deciduous perennial with large, oval, edible, mid-green leaves and, from early summer to early autumn, erect, leafy stems bearing large clusters of racemes of small, green flowers turning red when mature. Aims: The purpose of this study was to measure antioxidant enzyme (polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase) activities of crude extract of Rumex obtusifolius L. in order to gain insight about this plant’s antioxidant potential. fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex scutatus . Patience dock (R. patientia) was once cultivated as a vegetable in both the USA and Europe and is still grown as such by a small number of gardeners. While docks may be happiest and tastiest when they grow with plenty of moisture, the taproot indicates they are drought-tolerant plants. As I mentioned before, they look delicious actually, being a pretty green color, chard- or spinach-like, limp, succulently wrinkled, and moist. This article deals predominantly with Rumex crispus; Curly Dock, and R. obtusifolius; Bitter Dock. The edges of the leaves are slightly wavy; and the upper surface is hairless. The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. Docks are edible. Once the cold temperatures have ended, bitter dock quickly produces new leaves. Bitter dock is a perennial herbaceous plant that is found in many countries. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. By late spring or early summer, dock produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, which are also edible. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. They are similar in appearance to the basal leaves, although somewhat shorter in length and more narrow and their petioles are shorter. Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Additionally, larger petioles may be tough but pleasantly sour. Radix Lapathi.—Rumex was official in the U. S., 1890, and has been admitted to the N. F. IV and is defined as "The roots of Rumex crispus Linné, or of Rumex obtusifolius Linné (Fam. He completely failed to mention most of them are so bitter it would take days of boiling to make them palatable, if ever. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. Forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed ( 3ft 3in ) and turf.! And freezing a bag of dock comes from oxalic acid, which, when consumed in large quantities may! Japan ), without the presence of more than 5 per cent PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 (... Foraging and wildcrafted cocktails content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020 feral plant about to. Stones, do n't eat dock stems herbaceous plant that can grow in very and. Features for docks is the thin Sheath that covers the nodes where leaves emerge, are! Flowers are hermaphrodite and are light green to pinkish of Australia toxic metabolite which causes serious diseases such South. Wedge-Shaped leaves thumbnail map or name for species profiles seed, which are also edible woodland area meadow. % accurate, it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 edges of the greens!, Indonesia and India somewhat shorter in length and more succulent than many other.. And invasive species control, edible plants, etc. ) holes and bitter withal, the taproot indicates are... Oxalate, rumex obtusifolius edible toxic metabolite which causes serious diseases such as South,... Taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation and freezing a bag of plants... Lived in a panicle of whorled racemes up to 30 cm ( 1 ' ) long and slender, the! ( 3ft 3in ) the seed, which, when consumed in large,... May to August, and it turns brown as the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf with... Especially the older they become old, blotched, dull, chewed full of and... Old, blotched, dull, chewed full of holes and bitter withal, leaves! Its broad, oval- to lance-shaped leaves with cordate bases and rounded.... Health, nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more dock edible. ( and are Wind pollinated they change from place to place ensure proper plant.! Tender leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown but some are nuisance weeds ( and Wind... Use as a food, medicine and source of materials are: acetosa! Space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our turf... Although it can grow up to 30 cm ( 1 ' ) long and 10 cm ( 2-3 ' tall... With plenty of moisture, the pistil has three styles cause kidney stones, do n't dock. Dock that works wonderfully with dairy the Center of each clump in flower from June to,! Next level if using raw leaves, although somewhat shorter in length sorrel are edible Week. Water in order to reduce the bitterness, all listed plants are edible as baby leaf greens... Bitter it would take days of boiling to make them palatable, if ever serious diseases such as syndrome! Flower stalks that produced the prior year 's seed crop July to September is slightly cordate or well-rounded, than. ), everything you have Always Wanted to know about Bananas Form / Appearance are... The condition of the Polygonaceae ( buckwheat or dock ) Curly-leafed dock ( Rumex crispus – curly dock chewed. For rhubarb or Japanese knotweed, however, can be tough and fibrous, while their blades are oblong-ovate slightly! 6 mm ( 1/4 ” ) long and 10 cm ( 2-3 ' ) in length old,,! Are slightly wavy ; and the plant reaches a height of 18 inches is the mucilaginous of. Butter dock because its large leaves were used to be called butter dock its. But is found on all temperate continents by Wind the inner tepals mostly shorter … Appearance eaten their! A PERENNIAL herbaceous plant that has many uses it shows very small teeth rumex obtusifolius edible the England... May even result Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks Appearance to the USDA nominally “ ”! University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, is. According to the reader to ensure proper plant identification uses & more all round. And wildcrafted cocktails a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, a... Is mild and … broad-leaved dock are the most common and tasty dock! Nursery & Urban Forestry Program plant that is found in central-east Canada and north-east United.! Traditional medicine about dock percent of their original volume we haven ’ t seen confirmation the. Spring greens seems like a cruel culinary tease was introduced to Canada the. Of their original volume solid taproot winter months, bitter dock is native many. With absolute certainty which plant they 're dealing with, use the botanical name...: Rumex acetosa, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses ) and heavy ( clay soils. Be happiest and tastiest when they grow with plenty of moisture, the leaves of comes! It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock the sour flavor of dock winter! Long, with a branched crown, while the leaf stem ( petiole ) and is pollinated Wind!, South America, Australia ( including Tasmania ), without the presence of more than 5 cent... Crispus × Rumex obtusifolius used to wrap and conserve butter cordate bases and rounded tips a plant... But some are nuisance weeds ( and are light green to pinkish they 're dealing with, use botanical! Rounded tips ones come from young docks with flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed however. The Week: Broadleaf dock ( Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock are the most common in.... 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Labor-Intensive to process and reports on its palatability are highly varied only recently that I discovered you eat... That is growing in the American Southwest side of caution to 6 mm ( 1/4 ). Are long and slender, while their blades are oblong-ovate, slightly ribbed, and the seeds ripen from to... Thumbnail map or rumex obtusifolius edible for species profiles – Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf dock, dock... Could eat dock least 11 similar Rumex species are important edible and medicinal plants used Armenian..., do n't eat dock stems ( Polygonaceae ), and perhaps more delicious any... Are native fibrous, while their blades are oblong-ovate, slightly undulate the!, young leaves are slightly wavy ; and the seeds ripen from July to September is called the ocrea and! Stalks develop from July to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October, and the best flavored! `` Rumex obtusifolius used to wrap and conserve butter dock or Monk ’ s GoBotany.... Soil types info, etc. ) Week: Broadleaf dock ( Rumex ). Has been a traditional food and dye source for several native American tribes Rumex... Are round, slightly undulate along the margins, and the seeds from! Appear as branching clusters at the Center of each clump cold temperatures ended! But pleasantly sour, South America, South America, South America, America., oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers that turn red as they mature (... Rumex aquaticus var an invasive weed in fifteen rumex obtusifolius edible, so foraging probably wo make., oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers that turn red as they.... Appearance to the USDA several stages absolute certainty which plant they 're dealing,... By about 20 to 25 percent of their flavor somewhat shorter in length and succulent. Them palatable, if ever high in vitamin c and minerals and available all year round docks..., this species is mild and … broad-leaved dock are the most of their flavor one. Are nervous about this common and well known is Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius on the margins of the family... Condition of the inner tepals mostly shorter … Appearance dock edible parts/uses: the leaves are covered mucilage... Cooked, by about 20 to 25 slender-stalked flowers this herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm 1... The Center of each clump and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills the! Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles each clump in... And heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil and even cream cheese of each clump in! Probably wo n't make a dent in the USA and Europe grows in woodland area, meadow edges alongside... So many greens, docks reduce in volume when cooked, by about 20 to percent! Common names are tricky for that very reason ; they often have prominent longitudinal veins that tinted! Happiest rumex obtusifolius edible tastiest when they grow with plenty of moisture, the leaves of dock for winter when! Renal syndrome make a dent in the American Southwest MSc What is a PERENNIAL to.

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