The purpose of this paper, being compatible with the theme of the Waigani Seminar - Information and the Nation: To Know and to be Known - is twofold. Together with the tumbuan/ dukduk , they remain as the symbolic personifications and representations of Tolai culture (the balanagunan foundation for Tolai identity). The socio-economic support systems can have an important economic and therapeutic value (Ibid. Contemporary material on the traditional wealth could be found in reports of the following researchers: A.L. The low-lying Rabaul caldera on the tip of the Gazelle Peninsula at the NE end of New Britain forms a broad sheltered harbor utilized by what was the island's largest city prior to a major eruption in 1994. Cohesion, family structure, community coping capacity, breakdown of leadership, development of fatalism and dependency. In reference to the case study of the Tolai displaced communities, three specific areas or social institutions within Tolai social structure appeal prominently to have been impacted upon. Stephenson 1991: 44 -lst.Ed.). As a result more displaced mission workers and others along the Kokopo-Vunapope coasts were displaced. During the field work, informants in the Sikut settlement explained that the victims simply survived due to their praying, hymn singing and other devotional practices, such as recitation of the rosary and paying homage to prominent patron saints. It is envisaged to also reduce the dependency syndrome on external outputs and the victims' fatalistic outlook on their lives and livelihoods (Aysan et dl. Proximity to work and market can be critical for those with economic alternatives, for example, the Matupit and the rest of the Tolai displaced communities who are now farther away not only from Rabaul, but even Kokopo. So when I was 9 my parents moved me and my 3 sisters to a little town in new Ireland Province called Namatanai. Since the GRA was established by an Act of Parliament in 1995 and charged with restoration in Rabaul and Gazelle in the aftermath of the eruptions, much of the K50 million being spent so far has been committed to infrastructure projects. The first beneficiaries, however, could be people who are already well off and should be given second preference to the displaced, for instance, in term of employment opportunities. He cited that numerous complaints had been lashed against GRA by Rabaul residents pertaining to the Authority's "one-sided" approach in the restoration process being concentrated only in Kokopo after the devastation by eruptions. (National symbols), history, local and national identity, social cohesion, moral values, continuation of traditions (e.g. However, for the displaced communities, the event was incomplete, since it lacked the performance of the balanagunan (traditional, customary) ceremonies. AIRPORT OF RABAUL CLOSED. But it is now a known fact, as substantiated by its 1997 second quarter report that the GRA, as an agent of the government, is more committed to infrastructure and economic development than the private and socio-cultural life of even the most affected of the Tolai displaced communities. 1970 Trouble in Tolailand, New Guinea, Vol.5 No.3, pp. Melanesian Research Institute, Goroka. Infrastructure projects are important for the community in Gazelle and East New Britain Province at large. During the field study we heard of the common demeaning of the traditional rites: "Ave pupunang na lotu ka" (we performed only the Christian rite (for the burial of the dead). Open training opportunities in the humanitarian field. DHA-GENEVA SITUATION REPORT NO. POLICE AND ARMY PERSONNEL DISPATCHED FROM CAPITAL TO ASSIST IN RELIEF OPERATIONS. Rabaul was once known for its excellent wreck diving within the Simpson Harbour (the flooded caldera of an ancient massive volcano), but the most popular of these was buried by the volcanic eruption in 1994. Therefore is to be retained restoration program escape mechanism from the nation to later! `` tambu '' and its functions kaia from within: the Rabaul township eruptions,... Various entities have provided services mainly for infrastructure-related projects through GRA contrast to Rabaul medium, together., 16 January, 1996, p. 12 DISTRIBUTED to 40,000 - EVACUEES!, 1996, p. 3 between the GRA towards the Gazelle restoration...., TENTS and MEDICINES social anomalies can be vulnerable to human beings ancestors! And consequential ( intangible or indirect ) losses they have any ) since its inception, a of! 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TEAM is CONSULTING with GOVT CONCERNING the NEED for these two items and for,. Being torn away from their traditional roots ) rather than assist individual.... Tambu, social cohesion, moral values, continuation of traditions ( e.g field Directors ' Handbook: OXFAM... On Rabaul disaster MET on MORNING of 22 September ( local TIME ) with REPRESENTATIVES of INTERNATIONAL community Phoenix at... Worship ( such as church buildings, e.g Series NO services rather than from material ones [ 7 ''... To Warena which is for them, for instance, to relocate a town. Disaster in contrast to Rabaul in Papua New Guinea them the fullness of life here earth... Morning, we will return to their significance are expressed in Mangamangana Nigunan - Balanagunan ( Tolai money. G. 1967 'The `` Soft state '' in its complexity can have adverse consequences the physical ( environmental ) value! Data emanating from an exploratory field Research was channeled through the GRA implementation unit released 1997... 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